Швейцарские часы 19-го века.

Опубликовано: марта 3, 2008
Раздел: «Бытовая техника» |

liga01.jpg Ремонт старинных ?вейцарских карманных часов LIGA “best centre seconds chronograph”

Спасибо Герману, прислав?ему ссылку:

?сточник: http://german.enta.ru/repair/projects.htm 

Вот такую ?туку удалось случайно купить всего за 4,5 доллара. Брал на запчасти, или чтобы просто поиграться и доломать, потому что состояние часов на первый взгляд было просто плачевным. Тем не менее, при ближай?ем осмотре оказалось что все оси целы, просто очень много грязи. Разбирать на запчасти еще живой механизм было признано негуманным. Было ре?ено вернуть побитую жизнью ма?инку к жизни.

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Что при?лось ремонтировать:
- устранить обрыв пружины
- установить секундную стрелку
- отремонтировать рычаг останова
- все отмыть от паутины и грязи, почистить
- немного подогнать корпус
- вырезать и вклеить стекло

Некоторые этапы ремонта часов:
Вот он какой, северный олень!
lr01b.jpg

Механизм простей?ий, вообще без камней. Конструкция с центральной секундой на дополнительном колесе, колесо на заводном барабане установлено на фрикционе и выполняет роль минутного триба.
lr02b.jpg

Обнаружена основная поломка - обрыв заводной пружины внутри барабана. Обрыв пружины около вала, придется отпускать сталь, гнуть завиток, и прорезать зацепное отверстие.
lr03b.jpg

Сопоставляем обломки пружины, хоро?енько запоминаем как она должна была выглядеть до обрыва.
lr04b.jpg

Зажигалка, круглогубцы, тиски, алмазные надфили - и новый завиток готов. Даже более-менее похоже на то, что было рань?е.
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Баланс простой латунный. Вместо камня пластинка из твердой стали. При чистке механизм разбирается полностью.lr06b.jpg

Способ изготовления основной платы - ?тамповка. Здесь это очень заметно.
lr07b.jpg

Ночное рабочее место. ?дет сборка механизма.
lr08b.jpg

? вот механизм в сборе. Живее всех живых!
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Стрелки делать я пока не умею, поэтому получилось коряво. При?лось даже пользоваться паяльником.
lr10b.jpg

Новое пластиковое стекло вырезаем кустарным станком, остав?имся еще с советских времен.lr11b.jpg

В итоге часы идут стабильно, точность в пределах 2 минут в сутки.

Хронограф или не хронограф?

Да, на циферблате этих часов с де?евым механизмом красуется гордое название “Best centre seconds chronograph”. Часы позволяют помимо указания текущего времени измерять его промежутки. Но функция реализована банальным рычагом остановки баланса, а это значит что при остановке секундной стрелки останавливаются и сами часы. В силу такого недостатка конструкции, назвать данные часы хронографом в полном смысле этого термина нельзя, скорее это “пре-хронограф”, или упрощенный вариант хронографа.

Для чего использовались такие часы?

В на?е время не так уж просто придумать процесс, требующий точного измерения промежутков времени, все автоматизировано. Однако перенесемся на 100 лет назад в начало 20 века, и представим отсутствие компьютеров и вообще всякой автоматизации.

Доктор рядом с пациентом измеряет пульс. Чем он пользуется для определения времени, за которое сердце отобьет 30 ударов? Часами с секундными делениями и возможностью останова стрелки. Врач в провинции врядли купит дорогие часы, а вот такие де?евые - запросто.

В начале 20 века бурно развивается промы?ленность, создаются ма?ины и технологические процессы. Однако управляющим устройством станка или реактора является не компьютер, а человек - мастер с такими часами, на которых можно засечь продолжительность выполнения технологической операции или химической реакции.

Ученый в лаборатории проводит испытания. Для измерения времени испытаний определенно нужен таймер.

?дет война, бомбежка, артподготовка. Разница времени между вспы?кой от взрыва и донес?имся звуком определяет расстояние до места взрыва, положение линии фронта или боевых действий. Время надо замерить насколько возможно точно, опять же такими часами. Это позволит командиру сориентировать свой отряд и рассчитать время прибытия на место.

?так, часы LIGA - Best centre second chronograph:

Штифтовой анкерный спуск. Механизм ?тампованный, без камней.
Завод пружины головкой, перевод стрелок при нажатии на кнопку-поддавку.
Конструкция механизма с центральной секундной стрелкой.
Рычаг остановки-запуска баланса, позволяющий засекать отрезки времени, пре-хронограф.
Фарфоровый циферблат с разметкой 1/5 секунды, состояние плохое.
Корпус из латуни с остатками серебрения, состояние плохое.
Пластиковое самодельное стекло.

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Комментарии

25 Responses to “Швейцарские часы 19-го века.”

  1. Сергей :

    /* Для чего использовались такие часы? */ Да время смотреть и не думать о секундомере. Сейчас в каждых электронных часах или сотовом телефоне есть секундомер. Ну и кто его использовал хоть раз?

  2. Сергей :

    /* этих часов с де?евым механизмом */ Меня еще один вопрос залюбопытствовал - а что такое де?евые часы ы 19-ом веке? Для человека 19-го века насколько они де?евы?

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